domingo, 13 de mayo de 2012

presente simple simple present



Simple Present
El tiempo Presente Simple es el tiempo de verbo que se utiliza, entre otras cosas, para expresar acciones, eventos o situaciones al momento en que se habla. Por ejemplo:
Ann is a teacher.
Ann es maestra.

She lives in London.
Vive en Londres.

My brother wears glasses.
Mi hermano usa anteojos.
Este tiempo también se usa para expresar acciones habituales, que transcurren con cierta frecuencia. Por ejemplo:
Ann gets up at 7.
Ann se despierta a las 7.

She usually has breakfast at 8.
Usualmente desayuna a las 8.

She never arrives late.
Nunca llega tarde.
Sin saberlo, en las lecciones anteriores ya ha aprendido a conjugar los verbos en este tiempo.
Recordemos: Al conjugar los verbos regulares en tiempo presente, debe agregarse para la tercera persona del singular (He / She / It) una "s" al verbo base, mientras que para las demás personas el verbo permanece igual.
I live in London.
You live in London.
He lives in London.
She lives in London.
We live in London.
They live in London.
Pero cuando el verbo base termina en vocal (por ejemplo, "to go") se agrega "es" para la tercera persona del singular:
I go to the cinema.
You go to the cinema.
He goes to the cinema.
She goes to the cinema.
We go to the cinema.
They go to the cinema.
Para realizar preguntas en este tiempo verbal, se usa el auxiliar DO o DOES para la tercera persona del singular, como ya hemos visto. Y se contesta con Yes / No seguido de la persona y su auxiliar correspondiente afirmativo o negativo.
Do you live in London?
Yes, I do.

Does she go to the cinema?
No, she doesn't.
Para realizar una pregunta específica, se usa la "question word" y luego, se sigue el mismo método. Se responde usando la frase completa.
Where do you live?
I live in London.

Where does she go?
She goes to the
Harry: Jackie, what's your hobby?
Jackie: Well, I play the guitar.
Harry: Really?
Jackie: Yes, I like playing the guitar.
Harry: How often do you play?
Jackie: I play twice a week. What about you? Do you have a hobby?
Harry: I'm interested in collecting stamps.
Jackie: That's interesting!
Harry: Yes, I have almost two hundred stamps from different countries.
cinema

Part 3. NEW WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS
Hobbies
What is your hobby?
¿Cuál es tu hobby?
My hobby is...
Mi hobby es...
I play the guitar / piano.
Toco la guitarra / el piano.
I listen to music.
Escucho música.
I like reading / writing.
Me gusta leer / escribir.
What do you collect?
¿Qué coleccionas?
I collect stamps / cigarette packets / coins.
Colecciono estampillas / paquetes de cigarrillos / monedas.
I don't have a hobby.
No tengo un hobby.

Exercise 1
Reescribe las siguientes oraciones en forma negativa. Respeta las mayúsculas, minúsculas y signos de puntuación. Utiliza las contracciones (don't, doesn't, isn't, aren't).
I go to school everyday.
Laura is very tired.
My hobby is collecting stamps.
Hugh has breakfast at seven.
Thomas and Nick play tennis all day.
The plane is full.
I read a lot of books.
The children like ice cream.
I love playing with the computer.
Adverbs of Frequency - Adverbios de Frecuencia
Se utilizan para indicar con qué frecuencia se realiza la acción inidicada por el verbo.
Adverbs of Frequency
always
siempre
usually
usualmente
often
frecuentemente
frequently
frecuentemente
sometimes
a veces
seldom
rara vez
never
nunca
everyday
todos los días
every + day
every Thursday
todos los + día
todos los jueves
on + day + "s"
on Thursdays
los + día
los jueves
once a month
una vez por mes
twice a month
dos veces por mes
three times a month
tres veces por mes
once a week
una vez por semana
twice a week
dos veces por semana
three times a week
tres veces por semana
Para preguntar a alguien con qué frecuencia realiza algo, se usa How often.
How often do you have gym classes?
¿Con qué frecuencia tienes clases de gimnasia?

I have gym classes every Monday.
Tengo clases de gimnasia los lunes.
Nota la posición de los adverbios: Los siete primeros de la lista se ubican siempre entre la persona y el verbo. Los restantes van al comienzo o al final de la frase.
Ejemplos:
I always go to school by bus.
Siempre voy a la escuela en autobús.

I usually get up at 7.
Usualmente me despierto a las 7.

I often / frequently watch TV in the evening.
Frecuentemente miro TV por la noche.

I sometimes have lunch in a restaurant.
A veces almuerzo en un restaurant.
I seldom have breakfast.
Rara vez tomo el desayuno.

I never arrive late.
Nunca llego tarde.
Likes and Dislikes
Para expresar que algo nos gusta, se utilizan las siguientes frases:
I love... Me encanta(n)...
I like...
Me gusta(n)...
I'm interested in...
Me interesa(n)...
I'm fond of...
Me gusta(n)...
...reading leer
...computers
las computadoras
...travelling
viajar

Para expresar que algo no nos gusta, se utilizan las siguientes frases:
I hate... Odio...
I dislike... No me gusta(n)
I don't like...
No me gusta(n)
I'm not interested in...
No me interesa(n)...
...reading leer
...computers
las computadoras
...travelling
viajar

En ambos casos, las expresiones son seguidas de un sustantivo o de un verbo en -ing (forma del gerundio).
Intenta pensar en frases para decir lo que le gusta y lo que no le gusta hacer, comenzando con alguna de las opciones mostradas. Por ejemplo:
I like dancing.
Me gusta bailar.

I love learning English.
Me encanta aprender inglés.

I'm fond of cooking.
Me gusta cocinar.

I don't like playing video-games.
No me gusta jugar a los videojuegos.

I hate writing letters.
what is it ?..... yes  a lecture
The United Kingdom
Lecture1
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, or UK, is in Western Europe. It comprises the island of Great Britain (England, Scotland and Wales) and the northern one-sixth of the island of Ireland (Northern Ireland), together with many smaller islands.

The mainland areas lie between latitudes 49°N and 59°N (the Shetland Islands reach to nearly 61°N), and longitudes 8°W to 2°E. The Royal Greenwich Observatory, near London, is the defining point of the Prime Meridian. The United Kingdom has a total area of approximately 245,000 km².

The UK lies between the North Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea, and comes within 35 km (22 miles) of the northwest coast of France, from which it is separated by the English Channel.

Northern Ireland shares a 360 km international land boundary with the Republic of Ireland. The Channel Tunnel ("Chunnel"), bored beneath the English Channel, now links the UK with France
English Language
English is a West Germanic language originating in England, and the first language for most people in Australia, Canada, the Commonwealth Caribbean, Ireland, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the United States of America (also commonly known as the Anglosphere). It is used extensively as a second language and as an official language throughout the world, especially in Commonwealth countries such as India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan and South Africa, and in many international organisations.

Modern English is sometimes described as the global lingua franca. English is the dominant international language in communications, science, business, aviation, entertainment, radio and diplomacy. The influence of the British Empire is the primary reason for the initial spread of the language far beyond the British Isles. Following World War II, the growing economic and cultural influence of the United States has significantly accelerated the spread of the language. On an average school day approximately one billion people are learning English in one form or another.

A working knowledge of English is required in certain fields, professions, and occupations. As a result over a billion people speak English at least at a basic level. English is one of six official languages of the United Nations.
Questions about the text
1. English is spoken in Canada.
True.
False.
We don't know.
2. Modern English is sometimes described as the global lingua franca.
True.
False.
We don't know.
3. It has become the international language in many areas.
True.
False.
We don't know.

4. Over a billion people speak English at least at a basic level.
True.
False.
We don't know.
5. English is one of the official languages of the United Nations.
True.
False.
We don't know.


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